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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol V Part I Indo Aryan Family Eastern Group"

106

BENGAXL

boundary of the Contai Sub-Division. On the east of the Cental Sub-Division the
dialect lies, in Thana Nandigram, between that Sub-Division and the River Ealdi, which
here falls into the sea. The annexed map shows roughly where this South-Western
Bengali is spoken. It also covers the ground where Bengali, Oriya, and Bihari all three
meet, and shows, so far as a map can show by definite Iines3a state of affairs which is
essential!^ indefinite, the common boundaries of these three languages in this locality.
The dialect of Bengali spoken in the north and east of the District, as already
stated, belongs to the Central or Standard dialect- la the extreme north, however, near
Garhbeta and Salbani, it shades into the form of the Western dialecfrspokon in Bankun*.
Elsewhere, too, there are slight local variations which do not require illustration.
The Oriya spoken along the border line of Bengali, is, as already said, much mixed
with that language. Moreover, the form of that language which is spoken in Thanas
Dantan, Gopiballabhpur, Jfcargaon, and Binpur is considerably leavened with words
borrowed from the Santall of the tribes living in that neighbourhood*
Eegarding the Kaibarttas of Midnapore, reference may be made to Mr, Kisley's
Tribes and Castes of Bengal, an J to the account of the tribe given in pages 54 and 55 of
the Statistical Account of the District*  According to a local tradition which is not men-
tioned in either of these works, their original home was on the banks of the Sarju, in
Oudb, a sufficiently improbable claim to respectability oŁ race, which is not home
out by the caste-statistics of that Province.   They appear to have been a non-Aryan
race and to have entered Midnapore from Orissa, and it is certain that they conquered
the district by force of arms.   They now form more than thirty per cent, of the whole
population of the District, being strongest, as explained above, in Thana Sabang, while
most of them are found south of the Eiver Kasal   They founded several great families
most of which have since died away, but the Kaja of Tamluk is still a member of the
caste.  One of their leaders became Raja of Sujamuta, and his last lineal descendant
died some years ago, after running through the splendid patrimony which he had in*
herited.  The defeat of the Raja of Haina by the Kaibarttas at the time of their ori-
ginal invasion of the District is the subject of a local poem, once very popular, but now
seldom read.
The history of their arrival in the District accounts for the very peculiar character of
the dialect of Bengali spoken by them. Probably originally owning some non* Aryan
language, they arrived in Midnapore speaking a corrupt patois of Opty^ and on this as
a basis, they have built the dialect of Bengali which they speak in their Dresent home.
As might be expected, the dialect is strongly influenced by Of iya. 3?or instance, the
word jp5, a son, is much more used in that language than in Bengali The word tatfS,
younger, is for theOyiya sana, faww, every oae, is Oriya for Bengali jte-^: par&k,
again, is low Opya for a' son/ Tha colloquial Oyiya forms its ablative by adding *, thus
gliaru, from a house; so also we have in these specimens words like m&jAn, from among,
tf-jftjfHf, f*om that place. The pjtaral of Oriya nouns is formed by adding the syllable
twna. With this may be compared—
chafarmanke, to the servants, corresponding to the Oriya cldfaramnanfa.
JcasKmmkar, of harlots                   „               „              MKmSMntar.
tnfrmnter, of us                          „              „              mSmdnankar (vulgar).
> to us                           fl                            mbhtmnanku.